MySQL Replace – Addon Uses

MySQL Replace

In this tutorial, we will study REPLACE() function in MySQL to insert and update data in tables.

Also read: MySQL REPLACE() – Edit Strings and Replace Values in MySQL

Introduction to MySQL REPLACE()

In MySQL, Replace statement is used to replace the data in the tables. The process is executed by inserting a new row in the table if there are duplicate key errors. If the insertion fails due to a duplicate key error then delete that row and again insert a new row in the table again.

The MySQL REPLACE() string function and REPLACE() are both different topics and not the same. When using the REPLACE() statement, the user needs to have both Insert and Delete privileges for the table.

To Insert a new row using MySQL REPLACE()

The syntax for inserting a new row in a table is-

Replace [INTO] table_name(column_list) Values(value_list);
Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

To illustrate this example, first, we will create a table named t1 and insert rows into it. The syntax for the following is-

Create Table t1 ( Id int Auto_increment Primary Key, Name varchar(100), marks int Not Null ); Insert into t1(Name, marks) Values('Joe', 55), ('Jane', 79), ('Preeti', 88); Select * from t1;
Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

Output-

T1 Table
T1 Table

Now we will use REPLACE() statement to change the marks of Jane. The code for the following-

Replace INTO t1(Id,marks) Values(2,90);
Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

Output-

Replace
Replace

To update a row using MySQL REPLACE()

The syntax for updating data in the table is-

Replace INTO table SET column1 = value1, column2 = value2;
Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

Let us update the table. The code for the following is-

Replace into t1 set Id = 5, Name = 'Rue', marks = 45; Select * from t1;
Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

Output-

Update 1
Update 1

To insert data from Select statement using MySQL REPLACE()

The syntax for the following is-

Replace Into table_1(column_list) Select column_list From table_2 WHERE where_condition;
Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

Let us make changes in table t1. The code for the following is-

Replace Into t1(Name, marks) Select Name, marks From t1 Where Id = 2;
Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

Output-

Select 1
Select 1

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we studied REPLACE() statement in MySQL. We also learned how to use this statement with various examples. We hope that this tutorial was helpful for you. If you have any queries, please post them in the comments section below.