In this tutorial, we will learn about the MySQL `POW()`

and `POWER()`

functions. Suppose you have to do certain calculations on the data in your table which involves finding the squares, cubes or other powers raised to the number. For such operations, MySQL provides us with the `POW()`

and `POWER()`

functions. The `POW()`

and `POWER() `

functions are used to find out the value of a number raised to the power of another number. Both `POW()`

and `POWER()`

function do the same operation. They even have a similar syntax. The only difference is the name of the function.

## Syntax of MySQL POW() and POWER()

```
POW(base, exponent);
POWER(base, exponent);
```

Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

Both, the base and exponent arguments are required arguments.

## Examples of MySQL POW() and POWER()

Let us look at a few examples. Let us use the `POW()`

or `POWER()`

functions to calculate the result of the following – 2^{3}, 15^{2}, 12^{12} and 20^{5}. We will use aliases to make our output readable. We use the following queries,

```
SELECT POW(2, 3) AS CubeOfTwo;
SELECT POW(15, 2) AS SquareOfFifteen;
SELECT POWER(12, 12) AS Result;
SELECT POWER(20, 5) AS Result;
```

Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

And the output is,

### POW() and POWER() with Zero and NULL Values

You must have learnt about powers and exponents in high school math. Any number raised to the power 0 is equal to 1. Furthermore, zero raised to the power of any number is 0. `POW()`

and `POWER()`

adhere by these rules as demonstrated by the queries and output below:

```
SELECT POWER(20, 0) AS Result;
SELECT POWER(0, 2) AS Result;
```

Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

`POW()`

and `POWER()`

return NULL as the result if either of the arguments is NULL. This can be demonstrated by the queries and output below:

```
SELECT POWER(20, NULL) AS Result;
SELECT POWER(NULL, 4) AS Result;
```

Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

### Mathematical Operations with POW() and POWER()

Suppose you have an expression which involves exponents as well as addition and subtraction. We can use mathematical operations along with the `POW()`

and `POWER()`

functions. Let us write queries for the following two expressions: 4^{2} + 3^{2} and 4^{2} – 2^{2}.

```
SELECT POW(4, 2) + POW(3, 2) AS Result;
SELECT POW(4, 2) - POW(2, 2) AS Result;
```

Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

And the output is,

### POW() and POWER() With Tables

Let us now take a look at some practical examples that you may encounter while working with `POW()`

and `POWER()`

in MySQL. Consider the below ‘Square’ table.

The above table shows us the figure id and the length of the sides of the square. The formula to find the area of a square is (side)^{2}. How about displaying the square’s figure id and corresponding area? We use the `SELECT`

statement for the query.

`SELECT FigureId, POW(Side, 2) AS AreaOfSquare FROM Square;`

Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

And we get the output as,

Now, what if I want to create a new column in the ‘Square’ table title `AreaOfSquare`

that contains the area of the corresponding square? We will use the `ALTER`

and `UPDATE`

statements.

First, we will use the `ALTER`

command to add a column named `AreaOfSquare`

with the float data type. This will add the `AreaOfSquare`

column in the table but it will be populated with NULL values.

Hence, we use the `UPDATE`

statement next and set the value of the column as `POW(Side, 2)`

.

Finally, we will use the `SELECT`

statement to see our newly updated table.

```
ALTER TABLE Square ADD AreaOfSquare float;
UPDATE Square SET AreaOfSquare = POW(Side, 2);
SELECT * FROM Square;
```

Code language: SQL (Structured Query Language) (sql)

And we get the output as,

## Conclusion

MySQL `POW()`

and `POWER()`

functions are very useful in many mathematical operations in MySQL. You may use either function, it won’t make a difference. I suggest you try playing around with this function by trying different use cases.

MySQL is a considerably easy, yet highly efficient and powerful in handling database queries. But the most important part is getting used to how these queries work. If you have any questions, feel free to connect with us and we can help you out! Happy learning 🙂

**References: **https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/8.0/en/mathematical-functions.html